IELTS Grammar: Using Relative Clauses
12 Nov 2014 admin
Relative clauses are used to give additional information pertaining to the subject of the sentence. Additional information is sometimes necessary to emphasize what we are referring to, but there are cases when nothing necessitates it.
Defining relative clauses are used to pinpoint which person/thing we are referring to.
- The man that I ran into last night was actually your father.
Non-defining relative clauses are used to give extra, unnecessary information.
- The song, which was written by John Lennon, is an all-time favorite of mine.
Note: Non-defining relative clauses are set apart from the rest of the sentence by using commas and cannot be introduced by that.
Harvard University, which was established in 1636, is a private Ivy League research university. (Correct)
Harvard University, that was established in 1636, is a private Ivy League research university. (Incorrect)
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